Estimation of Otolithes ruber stock with virtual population analysis in the Northwest area of the Persian Gulf

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Iranian Fisheries Research Organization

Abstract

Stock assessment of Otolithes ruber was carried out using Virtual Population Analysis (VPA) method in the coastal waters of Northwest Persian Gulf. Catch and length frequency data during 2002-2012 were converted to age frequency. The maximum of stock number and biomass were observed in age group 1 and 2 respectively. The minimum of stock number and biomass were observed age group 6. The maximum and minimum of catch number were in age group 2 and 6 respectively. The maximum and minimum of weight were in age group 3 and 1 respectively. The maximum and minimum of instantaneous fishing mortality were in age group 4 and 1 respectively. The maximum of fishing mortality was estimated in 2010-2011 and minimum was in 2002-2003 and 2008-2009. During 2011-2012 the stock number and biomass were estimated 29558 (*103) specimen, 7302 ton and the catch number and weight were calculated 7562 (*103), 2364 ton and fishing mortality was obtained 0.47 per year. The calculated parameters showed over-exploitation in age-groups 3 and 4. To preserve stocks and to guarantee sustainable exploitation, the prevention of increasing fishing efforts and the control of fishing activities are crucial.

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